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MU Home » Academics » School of Science & Human Development » Department of Biology

Biology Courses

For Biology courses for non-majors or courses needed for the Science A.S. concentration, visit Science.

BIO 1530 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY I: INTRODUCTION TO CELL BIOLOGY (4 s.h.)
For students planning further study in biology or a related field: includes cell structure and function, mitosis and meiosis, principles of genetics, and classification of living organisms. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisites: high school biology and chemistry or SCI 1420 and 1430. Students must pass with a C- or higher grade (C or higher for Nursing majors), this course is a prerequisite to all further Biology courses. This course is offered every semester.

BIO 1560 FUNDAMENTALS OF BIOLOGY II: DIVERSITY OF LIFE (3 s.h.)
This course is intended primarily as an introductory course for potential biology majors. An introduction to the major kingdoms of living organisms are presented with their similarities and differences noted. Emphasis will also be placed on evolutionary and ecological principles related to and impacting the diversity of life. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher. This course is offered every semester.

BIO 2430 INTRODUCTION TO ZOOLOGY (4 s.h.)
Classification, anatomy, development, and life history of the animals with emphasis on evolutionary relationships among the various invertebrate and vertebrate groups. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher. This course is offered every semester.

BIO 2440 INTRODUCTION TO BOTANY (4 s.h.)
Introductory Botany is designed as a second level course to provide an understanding of basic plant anatomy, physiology and diversity. Plant anatomy and physiology will be investigated to illustrate how plants develop modifications which allow them to survive in different habitats. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or better.

BIO 2900 BIOLOGICAL STATISTICS (3 s.h.)
This course is designed to teach how to apply appropriate statistical tests to biological data. We focus on how to choose the appropriate test for a given data set, how to design experiments to make them more suitable for statistical analysis, and how to interpret and present the results of statistical tests. Three hours of lecture each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, MAT 1050 or higher and MAT 2200. This course is offered every fall semester.

BIO 2990 EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY (2 s.h.)
Neo-Darwinian evolution with emphasis on the role of selection, mutation, and genetic drift as fundamental forces of change. Attention will also be given to discussion of notable writings in evolutionary research. Two hours of lecture each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher; BIO 2430 or 2440. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 3020 INVERTEBRATE ZOOLOGY (4 s.h.)
Invertebrate animals with particular attention to physiological processes, ecological roles, and parasites of humans and domestic animals. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher; BIO 2430 or 2440. This course is offered in the fall semester, even years.

BIO 306 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I (4 s.h.)
Part one of a two-course sequence. Topics covered include an introduction to histology, the skin and its derivatives, the skeleton, muscles, and the nervous, sensory and endocrine systems. Although this course is taught with an organ system emphasis, mechanisms on the cellular and molecular level are also covered. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher. This course is offered every fall semester. This course is also offered in the summer semester contingent upon availability of faculty.

BIO 307 GENERAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 s.h.)
Immunology, virology, morphology and physiology of bacteria, etiology, and applied microbiology. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and CHE 1510 or permission of the instructor. This course is offered every fall and spring semester. Designated writing enrichment course.

BIO 308 HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY II (4 s.h.)
A continuation of the study of human structure and function. Topics include circulation, digestion, nutrition, respiration, excretion, immune response, reproduction and development. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and BIO 3060. This course is offered every spring semester.

BIO 3100 PLANT PHYSIOLOGY (3 s.h.)
The field of plant physiology is the study of how plants survive. This course addresses the physiological process as they relate to most plants. Topics will include, but are not limited to: plant-water relations, mineral nutrition, photosynthesis, respiration, carbon metabolism/transport and plant growth/development. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, BIO 2440, CHE 1510 and 1520, or permission of the instructor. This course is offered every fall semester.

BIO 3110 PLANT TAXONOMY (4 s.h.)
Plant taxonomy is intended for students to acquire knowledge of the evolutionary and morphological trends in the photosynthetic prokaryotes and protists, as well as non-vascular and vascular plants. Over the course of the semester students will be exposed to increasingly complex organisms. Classification and identification of plants will be emphasized in both lecture and weekly laboratories. Prerequistes: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, BIO 2430 or 2440, or permission of the instructor. This course is offered every spring semester.

BIO 3120 GENERAL ECOLOGY (4 s.h.)
This class addresses the relationships among organisms and their environments. Topics will include organismal, population and community ecology. Mathematical models for biological systems will be included. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and either BIO 2430 or 2440. Completion of MAT 1130 or higher recommended. This course is offered every spring semester.

BIO 3160 ICHTHYOLOGY (3 s.h.)
A survey of the fishes with particular focus on classification, physiological, morphological and behavioral adaptations, evolutionary history and ecology, and a discussion of the various aquatic and marine habitats fishes occupy. Three hours of lecture each week. Pre-requisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, BIO 2430 or 2440. This course is offered spring semester of odd numbered years.

BIO 3210 INSECT BIOLOGY (4 s.h.)
Entomology: The roles of insects in the balance of life, public health issues, taxonomy, morphology, and physiology. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisite: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher; BIO 2430 or 2440 or permission of the instructor. This course is offered fall semester, odd years.

BIO 3310 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY (3 s.h.)
This course will use biological concepts as a framework to consider the management of natural resources both historically and presently. The use of land for farming as well as the use of air, water, fisheries and forestry will be studied. An introduction to the laws that govern the use of these resources will also be included. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and either BIO 2430 or 2440. Completion of BIO 3120 is recommended. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 3480 BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY (3 s.h.)
This course is designed to present some of the more important physiochemical properties and processes of living organisms. It will emphasize the functions of macromolecules in living organisms, and examine the interrelationships between molecular structure and physiological function. The physiological chemistry of energy metabolism will also be an important part of this class. Pre-requisite: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, CHE 1510, 1520, 3210.

BIO 3960 MOLECULAR GENETICS (3 s.h.)
Study of the molecular basis of biology including biological informational molecules (proteins, DNA and RNA), DNA synthesis, RNA transcription, protein synthesis, and gene regulation. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic systems are both studied. In addition, applications of methods used in molecular biology including recombinant DNA technology and forensics will be covered. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 and 1560 with a grade of C- or higher, 2430, 2440 or 3060; and one additional biology class; CHE 3210. This course is offered every spring semester.

BIO 3980 VERTEBRATE COMPARATIVE ANATOMY AND EVOLUTION (4 s.h.)
The comparative anatomy and evolution of vertebrate organisms: fishes, amphibians, reptiles, birds and mammals. Prerequisites: BIO 1530, 243 or 2440; and one 3000/4000 level biology class. This course is offered every fall semester, odd years.

BIO 3990 COMPARATIVE ANIMAL PHYSIOLOGY (3 s.h.)
An examination of the various methods and mechanisms animals, both invertebrate and vertebrate, have adopted to maintain physiological conditions necessary for life. Although phylogenetic changes will be discussed, the major emphasis will be on the adaptation interaction between animals and their environments. Prerequisites: BIO 2990, BIO 3020. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 4000 MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY (4 s.h.)
This course is particularly desirable for students planning to enter any health related field, work as a laboratory technician or enter a graduate program in microbiology. This course deals primarily with the study of pathogenic bacteria and fungi, viruses and viral infections, and the immunological response to infection. Emphasis will be placed on the effects of microorganisms on human beings. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 (with a grade of C- or higher) and 3070. This course is offered every fall semester.

BIO 4010 EMBRYOLOGY AND DEVELOPMENTAL GENETICS (4 s.h.)
Representative patterns in the development of plants and animals from zygote to functioning adults, with emphasis on the early stages. Cellular and genetic mechanisms are included. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisites: 8 s.h. of upper-division biology including either 3060, 3080 or 3980 and either 3090 or 4400. This course is offered every spring semester. Designated writing enrichment course.

BIO 4310 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY INTERNSHIP (2 s.h.)
This internship will be a work experience course. A paid or volunteer position with an appropriate employer or supervisor will be obtained. This internship could be completed over a summer. A written report from the student must be submitted as well as a written evaluation of performance from the employer or supervisor. Prerequisite: Junior status with a cumulative GPA or 2.0 or higher and permission of the instructor. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 4350 CONSERVATION BIOLOGY: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES (2 s.h.)
This course will explore the nexus of law, science, economics and society. Specific topics will vary and may include management of endangered species, wetland, water or fire. This class may be taken for credit more than once, provided that different topics are covered. Prerequisites: BIO 1530 with a grade of C- or higher and either BIO 2430 or 2440. Completion of BIO 3120 and 3310 are recommended. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 4400 CELLULAR PHYSIOLOGY (4 s.h.)
Cellular structures and processes as they provide the basic mechanisms of life. Consideration of biologically important macromolecules. Three hours of lecture and three hours of laboratory each week. Prerequisites: 8 s.h. of upper-division biology (3000 level or higher), and CHE 3210 or permission of the instructor. CHE 4500 is recommended. This course is offered every spring semester. Designated writing enrichment course.

BIO 450 MOLECULAR TECHNIQUES (4 s.h.)
Current theory, application and techniques in molecular biology including DNA isolation, gel electrophoresis, restriction mapping, molecular hybridization techniques, polymerase chain reaction, and DNA fingerprinting techniques. There will be three hours of lecture and three hours of lab per week. Prerequisites: BIO 307, 309 or 396 and BIO 440 or CHE 450 or permission of the instructor. Note: One of the prerequisites may be taken concurrently with biotechnology. This course is offered as needed.

BIO 485 SPECIAL TOPICS IN BIOLOGY (1-4 s.h.)
Courses not part of the regular departmental offerings. Taught as faculty availability and student interest dictate.

BIO 488 LIBRARY RESEARCH PROJECT I (1 s.h.)
Seniors will select a research topic, begin to compile a bibliography, and will write a detailed outline for the paper to be written in BIO 489. Either BIO 488 and 489 or 490 and 491 is required for graduation. This course is offered fall and spring semesters.

BIO 489 LIBRARY RESEARCH PROJECT II (1 s.h.)
Seniors will complete the paper begun in BIO 488, and will give an oral presentation based upon it to Biology students and faculty members. Prerequisite: BIO 488. This course is offered fall and spring semesters. Designated writing enrichment course.

BIO 490 LABORATORY RESEARCH PROJECT I (1 s.h.)
Seniors will select a research topic, state an experimental hypothesis, design experiments to test this hypothesis and prepare a project budget. Either BIO 488 and 489 or 490 and 491 is required for graduation. This course is offered fall and spring semesters.

BIO 491 LABORATORY RESEARCH PROJECT II (1 s.h.)
Seniors will make suggested alterations in the project designed in BIO 488, and will then carry out their experimental work, with appropriate controls and replications, write a paper incorporating literature background, experimental protocol, results and conclusions and will present their findings orally to Biology students and faculty members. Prerequisite: BIO 490. This course is offered fall and spring semesters. Designated writing enrichment course.

BIO 499 INDEPENDENT STUDY IN BIOLOGY (1-4 s.h.)
An opportunity for a well-qualified, upper-division student to engage in special research in his/her major. Requires approval by the faculty advisor, the supervising professor, the department chair, and the school dean before approval by the Vice President for Academic Affairs. Credit to be determined.

 

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