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Definition of a Service Animal
Title III of the Americans with Disabilities Act requires that
places of public accommodation, including colleges and universities,
accommodate individuals with disabilities who use service animals.
The U.S. Department of Justice's Civil Rights Division has defined
"service animal" as follows:
"A service animal is any dog that is individually trained
to work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with
a disability, including a physical, sensory, psychiatric, intellectual
or other mental disability. Other species of animals, whether
wild or domestic, trained or untrained, are not service animals
for the purposes of this definition. The work or tasks performed
by a service animal must be directly related to the handler's
disability. Examples of work or tasks include, but are not limited
to, assisting individuals who are blind or have low vision with
navigation and other tasks, alerting individuals who are deaf
or hard of hearing to the presence of people or sounds, providing
non-violent protection or rescue work, pulling a wheelchair, assisting
an individual during a seizure, alerting individuals to the presence
of allergens, retrieving items such as medicine or the telephone,
providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability
to individuals with mobility disabilities and helping persons
with psychiatric and neurological disabilities by preventing or
interrupting impulsive or destructive behaviors. The crime deterrent
effects of an animal's presence and the provision of emotional
support, well-being, comfort or companionship do not constitute
work or tasks for the purposes of this definition."
Requirements for Service Animals and Their
- Service animals must be immunized for common diseases such as distemper,
parvovirus, and rabies. Proof of current vaccinations must be on file
with the Accessibility Resources/Disability Services Office.
- The handler must be able to demonstrate that the animal has
been trained to provide a service.
- The handler must demonstrate that he or she can control the
- The handler is responsible for the disposal of any waste. (To
be disposed of in a container located outside of a university
- The Director of Residence Life will make on campus housing assignments
in consultation with the student and the Director of Accessibility Resources/Disability Services.
- The service animal must be in good health as verified annually
by a licensed veterinarian.
- A roommate must be found who will consent to living with the
**Unruly or disruptive behavior that interferes with the
educational environment or housing community may result in limited
use of the animal. Repeated disruptions may result in the animal
not being admitted to any university facility until the handler
takes significant steps to mitigate the behavior.